Thursday, October 30, 2014
Wednesday, October 29, 2014
Tuesday, October 28, 2014
I added some more information to it, my theory being, if I forget one manifestation; I have another one for backup.
I remember, "Scrotum Penis Gone" to remember the initials of this eponymous surgery. It prevents frequent dermatitis of the scrotal skin due to perineal urethrostomy and reduces sexual desire.
The ilioinguinal lymph nodes bilaterally form a Y with the penis. (See image) Y for young's operation, that's how I remember!
I somehow think of ALGae and PEE when I imagine the hydatid cyst, maybe because the cyst is fluid filled and algae grow in contaminated water. (My cue to write idk I am just weird!)
Anyway, that's your mnemonic.
Laminated membrane (Ectocyst)
Germinal epithelium (Endocyst)
Monday, October 27, 2014
Thursday, October 23, 2014
This is a complicated mnemonic. Too many drugs but hopefully it will help you write a SAQ on it :)
4 drugs to which the mycobacteria are susceptible should be used.
6 months intensive phase is followed by a continuation phase for 18-24 months.
An injectable drug like kanamycin or streptomycin is dropped in the continuation phase.
High-dose isoniazid, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol are thought of as an adjunct for the treatment of MDR and XDR tuberculosis.
Capreomycin, amikacin, kanamycin.
Cycloserine, aminosalicylic acid (PAS), thioamides (Ethionamide).
Give KEEPQ for 6 months and then PEEQ for 18 months (Drop the injectable, remember?)
Give PEQS for 6 months and then PEEQ for 18 months.
And then replace injectable Streptomycin with Ethionamide
Quinolone + any one from CAKe + any two from CAT
Tuesday, October 21, 2014
|Classification of choledochal cysts mnemonic|
Monday, October 20, 2014
These notes are messier than usual because I wasn't planning to upload them at first.
Lemme know in the comments if you don't understand something, I'll type it out for ya!
Related post: Peroneal nerve branches anatomy mnemonic
Sunday, October 19, 2014
|Definition of mononeuropathy, polyneuropathy and mononeuritis multiplex|
|Various causes of peripheral neuropathy (I wrote the ones I found easy to remember ^_^ )|
Thursday, October 16, 2014
This was asked in a viva.
So I did my usual Googling and found this as a satisfactory answer :)
Several mechanisms may be involved in the development of circadian abnormalities in cirrhosis, including the effect of gut-derived toxins on the brain and decreased sensorial inputs that entrain the circadian clock such as insufficient light exposure, social isolation, or low levels of activity and retinohypothalamic and endocrine (e.g., melatonin) abnormalities.
The sleep-wake cycle is one of the functions regulated by the circadian clock, the suprachiasmatic nucleus of the anterior hypothalamus, which has efferent connections that influence a large array of biological functions including the secretion of melatonin from the pineal gland.
For people who sleep “normal hours”, natural melatonin production peaks between 2 am and 4 am, with the peaks becoming smaller with advancing age. Normally melatonin is a natural sleep-inducing agent. Because daylight reduces melatonin production and blood levels of melatonin are usually high at night and low during the day.
In patients with cirrhosis, the diurnal plasma melatonin profile shows a significant delay in the onset of plasma melatonin increase and a delay in its peak nocturnal level. This displacement of the melatonin profile could be a reflection of a shift in the phase of the circadian clock.
Wednesday, October 15, 2014
This question is frequently asked in orthopedics section of surgery.
For Rolling Stones fans, this mnemonic is lovely <3
For others, imagine trying to crush a rolling stone with your outstretched hand :P
"Been Crushing on Rolling Stones."
Collar bone fracture (rare)
Reverse Bennetts fracture
For the sake of completion, I would like to add other injuries associated with FOOSH:
Green stick fracture of distal radius
Epiphyseal fracture of distal radius
Ulnar collateral ligament injury
Monday, October 13, 2014
What is the difference between menstrual regulation and vacuum evacuation?
I was reading gynaecology when I realized that the principles of surgical instrumentation for menstrual regulation are identical to those for first-trimester abortion done by using vacuum aspiration.
Both the procedures involve aspiration of contents of the uterine cavity by means of a plastic cannula called Karman's cannula.
So what's the difference?
Confirmation of pregnancy.
Menstrual Regulation (MR) is the treatment of the delayed menstrual period, to assure a non-pregnant state and a normal menstrual cycle the next time. It is early vacuum evacuation.
Vacuum aspiration is medical termination of pregnancy or abortion. Pregnancy is confirmed when this procedure is performed.
Why give it different names?
MR has an advantage in the countries where abortion is legally banned because it can be conducted without a confirmatory pregnancy test.
Additional info: MR is also used for some other clinical purposes, such as, for uterine biopsy, to treat incomplete abortions, to regularise the menses.
This doubt was clarified by a friend's professor. Thanks!
Captopril enhanced radionucleotide renal scan.
Duplex doppler flow study.
MR angiography with gadolinium enhancements.
Spiral CT scan with IV contrast agents.
Renal angiogram is important in determining whether the renovascular hypertension is due to atherosclerosis or due to fibromuscular dysplasia.
Renal vein renin determination is important to assess the outcome of surgery.
Just a short summary :)
Sunday, October 12, 2014
Antiarrhythmic drugs are super tough to memorize.
Good thing is, we can imagine weird things and manage! :D
This post is about weird drawings and memory aids that will hopefully help you lovely medicos. Here it goes!
The Queen proclaims dis (this) pyramid.
For 1 A: Quinidine, Procainamide, Disopyramide.
Queens are royalty, first class people. This helps me remember class 1 A as well.
Saturday, October 11, 2014
Memorizing AKT is very important for MBBS, since tuberculosis has a high prevalence in developing countries and in patients with AIDS.
Here's how I remember them!
RIPE for the drug names.
INH has 3 alphabets, so 300mg OD.
RiFampin has a F. F for four, F for five. 450mg OD.
Ethambutol starts with E. E for Eight. 800mg OD.
Pyrazinamide has the biggest name, so 1500mg OD or 750mg BD.
That's all! :)
Become the best you possibly can!
Friday, October 10, 2014
Fern test mnemonic:
Ferning appears due to presence of sodium chloride in the mucus secreted under Estrogen effect.
Spin on: Spinnbarkeit phenomenon is seen in Ovulatory mucus.
Secretack: Secretory mucus fractures under tension; this property is known as tack.
Thursday, October 9, 2014
Remember the initial letters of the disease - PJS.
P: Pigmented oral mucosa
J: Jejunal polyps
S: STK 11 defect
In physical examination of semen you must look whether the sperm "QVALiPhiFied" (Qualified)
Quantity: 3-5 ml
Viscosity: < 3
Appearance: Greyish white color
Liquefication time: 30 minutes
Fragrance | Odour: Characteristic seminal odour
Wednesday, October 8, 2014
Monday, October 6, 2014
Level 1: Uterosacral and cardinal ligaments
"Park two arcs"
Level 2: Pelvic fascia and paracolpos connects the vagina to the lateral pelvic wall through the arcus tendineus
Level three: Levator ani muscle supports lower one third of the vagina.