Sunday, November 30, 2014
Saturday, November 29, 2014
This is for all those who are studying bacteriology.
Certain foods can transmit very specific infections, and examiners like to go after it. Make sure you know this list!
|Food.. Infected food.|
Thursday, November 27, 2014
Wednesday, November 26, 2014
Things to know about multiple sclerosis -
When I made this, it was more like my check list on what to write in my exam. So I wouldn't exactly call it a mnemonic.
The words keep recurring in the mnemonic but I wrote them twice anyway (More revision, more recall, yaay!)
Upper motor neuron weakness
Posterior column features
Exercise worsens symptoms
Exercise worsens symptoms
There is another simplified, "SINS" mnemonic as well.
Updated on 3rd December, 2014: Pulfrich phenomenon, suggested by Sujay Nigudkar
Tuesday, November 25, 2014
Parkinson's disease is associated with resting tremor.
Friday, November 21, 2014
Let's get started :)
Forward (moves distally with growth of nail)
Undernourished (seen in malnourished patients)
Oxidation - Losing the negativity around you (For new relationships with good aminoacids like tyrosine) =D
Organification - Because Iodine is just a molecule and can’t be used by organs alone. It needs to be "organified" :P
Coupling - Why stay alone when love is in the air? <3
Thursday, November 20, 2014
Wednesday, November 19, 2014
I talk about them in the video.
Tuesday, November 18, 2014
It focuses on how to remember the various numerical values and how to memorize the mnemonic itself lol.
Monday, November 17, 2014
G - Glaucoma (On typical use)
L - Limb muscle atrophy
U - Ulcer (Peptic ulcer)
C - Cushing syndrome
O - Osteoporosis
C - Cataract (On systemic use)
O - Osteoporosis (Avascular necrosis of head of femur)
R - c/I in Renal failure
T - c/I in Tuberculosis
I - Impairs healing
C - c/I in CHF
I - Infections (Immunosuppressive)
D - Diabetes mellitus
S - Suppression of HPA axis
This mnemonic was submitted by Parth Mali. Tumaro abhar, Parth!
That's your cerebellum!
(We'll be talking about it today!)
That's your cerebrum!
And Medicowesome (Not too sure about the second bit xD)
Sunday, November 16, 2014
The mnemonic is, "wHIpple'S"
H for hypoglycaemia in fasting state.
I to remind you that it is seen in insulinomas.
S for sugar less than 45 mg % and for Symptoms relieved by Glucose.
Alternatively, you can remember "HIS Whip" if you know what I mean ;)
Saturday, November 15, 2014
Courvoisier's law states that in a patient with jaundice, if there is a palpable gallbladder, it is not due to stones.
Obviously, exception to the rule will be conditions with a stone and palpable gallbladder!
The mnemonic is, "DHE exception".
D: Double impacted stone - one in CBD and one in cystic duct, with mucocele of gallbladder.
H: Large stone in Hartmann's pouch.
E: Empyema gallbladder.
The rule ain't useful if the patient doesn't have a gallbladder (absence, previous cholecystectomy) or if the gallbladder is intrahepatic.
'DHEm' rebellious conditions breaking rules xD
Friday, November 14, 2014
Thursday, November 13, 2014
Wednesday, November 12, 2014
Monday, November 10, 2014
Watch it here: http://youtu.be/uKkxNi1VS5g
Saturday, November 8, 2014
These are random mnemonics I use to remember certain points about filariasis. Not sure if it'll help everybody. But uploading anyway!
"Filariasis fills the blood at night."
To remember that Microfilaria can be demonstrated in peripheral smear only at night.
"Microfilaria fills microvessels (capillaries) of the lung"
And cause tropical pulmonary eosinophilia!
Manifestations of filariasis
Remember 3 L's:
Lymphatic filariasis (caused by Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia malayi)
Loiasis (caused by Loa loa)
Light (light, sight, blindness - river blindness caused by Onchocerca volvulus)
So complicated names!
Diethylcarbamazine dose mnemonic:
DEC, D-E-six, 6 mg/kg for 21 days.
The mnemonic for this itchy disease is the word, "SCABIES" itself. I divided it into two parts, the scabicides and the extra drugs used for pruritus, keratolysis, etc. The mnemonic is the same for both.
S for Sulphur ointment
C for Crotamiton
B for Benzyl benzoate
b flipped upside down looks like a p, for permethrin
I for Ivermectin
I also looks like a L, for Lindane
S for Salicylic acid
S for Salicylates
C for Calamine lotion
C for Corticosteroids
A for Antihistamines
Use 5% permethrin.
L looks like 1, so 1% Lindane.
Ivermectin (200 micro g/kg) single oral dose. Patients with crusted Scabies may require two or more doses of ivermectin.
Salicylic acid is a keratolytic; allows good penetration of scabicides.
Antihistamines, salicylates, and calamine lotion relieve itching during treatment, and topical glucocorticoids are useful for the pruritus that lingers after effective treatment.
Was studying bronchial asthma and COPD today :)
Formoterol or Eformoterol
Because scrotal approach for biopsies could disseminate testicular tumors, Chevassu suggested inguinal exploration and occlusion of the testicular vessels before biopsy of suspicious lesions.
I use a pun to remember this - "Chew vessels" to prevent seeding: Chevassou.
Other facts you must remember are - Seminomas are radiosensitive. They respond to chemotherapy with cisplatin as well.
And that teratomas have frequent lymph node involvement.
"PISS" is my memory aid for remembering, Parasympathetics make you Pee from S2 - S4 segments. (Two S's in piss, so S2)
So the opposite, sympathetic L1 and L2, allow urine to collect and are inhibitory to the detrusor muscle.
Thursday, November 6, 2014
I focus on how to remember the doses of the medications in this post.
Atropine. aTWOpine. 2 mg IV every 5-10 minutes till full atropinisation occurs.
Pralidoxime is also known as 2-PAM. Two. So 20 mg/kg in 20 minutes is the loading dose. Half that, 10 mg/kg/hr is the maintenance.
Remember to remove the patient from further exposure and wash the skin, give gastric lavage.
Also catheterize the patient before atropine is given (viva concept).
For symptoms of muscarinic poisoning, the common mnemonics are "DUMBBELLS" and "Cholinergics make you leaky"
Wednesday, November 5, 2014
Encephalitis (And meningitis)
Pain in abdomen
Transmitted through animal urine
Pericorneal reddening, Photophobia
Retro orbital pain, Rash
O looks like a heart for bradycardia
The mnemonic is, "EPIDURAL"
EP: Epidural catheter is Placed and anaesthetic is infused
I for Indwelling catheter for additional injections later
D for delay (A 15-30 min delay in onset is seen with epidural anaesthesia)
U for urinary retention, a complication of epidural anaesthesia (Another complication that you must remember is hypotension)
R for Repeated prolonged infusion that can be given with epidural anaesthesia
A for Analgesia (Epidural is used for labor analgesia, post op pain and cancer pain)
L for Lidocaine (The letter L has two lines, so two percent is the dose. Two also reminds me of Touhy needle, used for the anaesthesia)
Another commonly used anaesthetic is 0.5% Bupivacaine.
*sings* I've become so numb
Tuesday, November 4, 2014
Happy Tuesday everyone!
The mnemonic for tocolytic drugs is, "ABC MNO"
B : Beta mimetics like ritodrine (return to dreams)
C : Calcium channel blockers like Nifedipine
C : Cyclooxygenase inhibitors like Indomethacin
M : Magnesium sulphate
N : NO donors like Glyceryl trinitrate
O : Oxytocin antagonists like Atociban
A and O repeat twice, I wrote them anyway because they give a good flow :)
I was asked an MCQ on this concept in my prelims. They asked which of the following drugs is NOT a tocolytic and they put 4 drugs. So it's important to know ALL the tocolytic drugs.
If you complete the C, it looks like an O; umbilicus looks like an O. So pancreatic enzymes seeping through the falciform ligament causing discoloration around the umbilicus is the Cullen's sign.
Sunday, November 2, 2014
ACTH and MSH:
In Addison's disease, increase in ACTH causes hyperpigmentation because it is similar to MSH.
HCG and TSH:
Patients with choriocarcinoma can present with hyperthyroidism. It's because HCG is similar to TSH.
Pitocin and pitressin:
The drug oxytocin can cause water retention because it is similar to vasopressin.
These are all I can think of for now, lemme know if you guys know any other hormones that are so similar that they are able to cause similar effects in our body.