Tuesday, February 17, 2015

Study group discussion: Aminoglycoside adverse effects and mnemonics

1. Name the adverse effects of aminoglycosides.

Nephrotoxic
Ototoxic
Vestibulotoxic

And? (This one is most commonly forgotten)

Effects the Neuromuscular junction!

2. Which aminoglycosides are the most cochleotoxic?

Kanamycin and amikacin are cochleotoxic.
Mnemonics:
Kana kills your kaan (ears in Hindi) :P
Amikacin also has a ka in it.
It has Mika. Mika (The singer) is bad for your kaan.

3. Which aminoglycosides are the most vestibulotoxic?
Streptomycin and gentamycin are the most vestibulotoxic.
Mnemonic: Gents Strip their Vest.

4. Which is the most nephrotoxic of all aminoglycosides?

Gentamycin..The most nephrotoxic.
Mnemonic: GeNephrotoxic

5. Which drugs will exaggerate the nephrotoxicity associated with aminoglycosides (AG)?

Amphotericin and Vancomycin

6. Which will exaggerate the ototoxicity associated with AG?

Furosemide

7. In which autoimmune disease, AGs are contraindicated?

Myasthenia gravis

Questions: Sakkan
Mnemonics and editing: IkaN

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