Wednesday, September 16, 2015

Stigmata of diseases

What does stigmata mean?

Stigmata means some lesion, mostly skin, which is visible, showing the patient is suffering from that particular disease.
In some diseases, like leprosy and tuberculosis, the patient may not want to reveal the condition because of the stigmata associated with the disease in society. But due to certain signs, the disease gets revealed. (These diseases were considered a disgrace in earlier days.)

Examples - 

Stigmata of leprosy:
Banana fingers
Shortening of fingers
Leonine facies
Buddha ear

Stigmata of tuberculosis:
Phlyctenular conjunctivitis
Scrofuloderma
Thickened spermatic cord
Erythema nodosum
Lupus vulgaris
Lymphadenopathy

Stigmata of alcoholism:
Dupuytrens contracture

Stigmata of cirrhosis:
Scleral icterus
Jaundice
Parotid enlargement
Leukonychia
Spider angiomata
Palmar erythema
Gynecomastia
Testicular atrophy
Paucity of axillary and pubic hair
Ascites
Caput medusase
Ankle edema
Petechiae, purpura

Stigmata of HIV infection:
Genital warts
Oropharyngeal candidiasis
Kaposi sarcoma
Seborrheic dermatitis
Hairy leukoplakia

Stigmata of infective endocarditis
http://www.medicowesome.com/2016/12/stigmata-of-infective-endocarditis.html

That's all!
Help me add more to the list!
-IkaN

1 comment:

  1. A useful article but only for the people who understand the stigmas. I think it should be toned down to any easier version so everyone can understand it.

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