Saturday, January 28, 2017

Steroids and the Eye : Utility Review

Hello everyone ! I'm back with another post on Opthalmology ! Hope you like it.

Uses of Steroids in Ophthalmology -

1. Prophylactic - PC
- Post op Cataract - 6w
- Corneal grafting.

2. Therapeutic - Go from anterior to posterior. We use it in every layer of the eye !

- Lids - Intralesional for Chalazion

- Conjunctiva - Phlyctenular Conjunctivitis.

- Sclera and Episcleral tissue - Scleritis and Episcleritis.

- Cornea - Contra indicated - As it affects healing and may cause super infections.

- Uvea - Anterior and Posterior Uveitis. Purulent Uveitis - Endophthalmitis ; Panopthalmitis.

- Retina - Diabetic Retinopathy Intravitreal Triamcinolone.

- Nerve - Optic Neuritis ( Multiple Sclerosis ) - Methyl Prednisolone

3. Others :
- Secondary Glaucoma due to the Inflammatory etiology.

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Precautions :

- Avoid in any ulcer cases as it can delay healing of the ulcer or aggravate fungal or herpetic ones.

- Can cause Cataract - Posterior Subcapsular. (Generally when given systemically)

- Can cause Glaucoma ( Generally when used Topically. )

Hope you liked it !
Stay awesome !

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