Thursday, February 2, 2017

Edward syndrome mnemonic

Trisomy 18 is the second most common autosomal trisomy after trisomy 21. Here's a mnemonic for it!



Characterized by:
E: Elongated skull (Occipital prominence),
dysplastic Ears, Microcephaly, High forehead are also seen.
D: Digital overlapping
Clubfoot, clenched fist, Overlapping fingers, Hypoplastic nails
W: Ventricular septal defect (VSD) is most common (90 % have structural heart defect)
A: Apneic episodes (Mostly die early because of central apnea)
R: Rocker bottom feet (Persian slipper, congenital vertical talus)
Intrauterine Growth Retardation (IUGR)
D: Intellectual Disability

To remember the trisomy numbers, check out my quad screen mnemonic here: http://www.medicowesome.com/2014/08/quad-screen-results-and-trisomy-mnemonic.html

That's all!
-IkaN

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