Monday, May 22, 2017

High ankle and low ankle sprain mnemonic

Hello!

High ankle and low ankle sprain
There are two types of ankle sprain:

High ankle sprain  (syndesmosis injury)
The high ankle ligaments are located above the ankle.
1-10% of all ankle sprains.
Mechanism: External rotational injury.
Physical exam: Syndesmosis tenderness

Low ankle sprain (ATFL and CFL injury)
The low ankle ligaments are located below the ankle.
>90% of all ankle sprains.
Mechanism: Inversion injury.

Anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL):
Most commonly involved ligament in low ankle sprains.
(Mnemonic: ATFL Tears First in Low ankle sprains)
Mechanism: Plantar flexion and inversion
Mnemonic: PAT - Plantar flexion, ATFL
Physical exam: Drawer laxity in plantar flexion

Calcaneofibular ligament (CFL):
2nd most common ligament injury in lateral ankle sprains.
Mechanism: Dorsiflexion and inversion
Mnemonic: CD - CFL, Dorsiflexion
Physical exam: Drawer laxity in dorsiflexion

PTFL: Less commonly involved

That's all!
This illustration will be in First Aid 2018 edition, I am working on it! :)
-IkaN

No comments:

Post a Comment

This is express yourself space. Where you type create something beautiful! <3
Wondering what do I write? Well..
Tell us something you know better. You are a brilliant mind. Yes, you are! ^__^
Ask about something you don't understand @_@?
Compliment... Say something nice! =D
Be a good critic and correct us if something went wrong :|
Go ahead. Comment all you like here! (:

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...