Saturday, July 15, 2017

Oculocardiac Reflex

Oculocardiac Reflex/Aschner phenomenon.

This is one of the trigeminovagal reflexes produced on digital massage of eye. Digital massaging of the eyeball is done to lower intraocular pressure after producing a retrobulbar or a peribulbar block. But rarely....this event is followed by cardiac depression, asystole and even death. The afferent is by the ophthalmic division of trigeminal nerve which relays in the visceral motor nucleus of the vagus nerve. The efferent is carried by the parasympathetic vagus nerve to the heart. It is most commonly seen in pediatric cases during squint surgery.
It is not seen very commonly in adults and in other surgeries as the procedure would involve just one eye and massaging of this eye is not sufficient to produce bradycardia normally.

Treatment: atropine or glycopyrrolate . Cardiopulmonary resuscitation might be needed in severe cases.

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