Sunday, December 11, 2011

Mechanism of invasion and metastasis of tumor cells comic

I made this very short comic.. Hope you understand! :)

Mechanism of invasion of tumor cells
Cadherins and catenins
Laminin and fibronectin
Type IV collagenase, cathespin D, urokinase type plasminogen activator
Autocrine motility factors and thymosin beta 15
That's all!


Thursday, December 8, 2011

Classification of antihypertensives

Heyy guys! I'm back.. And this post is the coolest.. I have put in all my creativity!

What are anti-hypertensives?
They are used to treat high blood pressure ^_^

This post is like a mnemonic..
So lets get to the classification..
How to remember?
A is for awesome.. Medicowesome ;)

That's all for today!
Hope you had fun!

Saturday, December 3, 2011

Fulminant liver failure and Hepatitis E

Hey guys! Do you know what is fulminant liver failure?

Fulminant means occurring suddenly, rapidly, and with great severity or intensity :O

Fulminant hepatic failure is generally used to describe the development of encephalopathy within 8 weeks of the onset of symptoms in a patient with a previously healthy liver..

It occurs in pregnancy.. mostly due to a viral cause..
The prevalent viral cause of ALF [acute liver failure] in pregnancy is Hepatitis E..

In fact, liver failure is the most common feature in Indian women during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy

The immunity is altered during pregnancy and the hormonal status is also different..
So, the diminished immunity and high level of steroid hormones influence viral replication and expression during pregnancy

That's all for today!
Take care ^_^
And drink boiled water!


Friday, December 2, 2011

Prophylaxis of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis D

Hey guys!
Guess what? I did an amazing microbiology seminar today on this topic..
So thought of posting it on the blog as well :D

Prophylaxis of Hepatitis B

Avoid sharing personal items

• Don't share needles, razors, toothbrushes, manicure tools or other items that could bear contaminated blood.. [Don't share a bloody thing! ;)]

• Don't allow yourself to be pierced or tattooed with non-sterile equipment

• Make sure your barber uses clean razors, manicure and pedicure items

Behavior Modification

• Use a new latex or polyurethane condom every time you have sex, particularly if you have multiple sex partners.

Limit alcohol intake. [Love your liver :) ]

• If you are a medical professional, follow good practices for using and disposing of needles. [Or a wanna be doc like me!]

Passive Immunoprophylaxis

•  Hepatitis B Immune Globulin (HBIG) is a sterile solution of ready-made antibodies against Hepatitis B

• HBIG is prepared from human blood from selected donors who already have a high level of antibodies to Hepatitis B and used in passive immunoprophylaxis

• Passive immunoprophylaxis is used in:
  • Newborns of mothers infected with Hepatitis B
  • After liver transplantation
[I know you are probably wondering why liver transplant! See sometimes as a last resort to Hepatitis you need to get a liver transplant.. So better not get infected with the same virus again eh?]

Active immunization

• The vaccine contains one of the viral envelope proteins, Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg).

• It is produced by yeast cells, into which the genetic code for HBsAg has been inserted.

• Three doses of vaccine are required to achieve effective immunization

[I know most of you haven't got a vaccine against Hepatitis B yet.. So get vaccinated please!]

Mixed Immunization

Infants born to mothers infected with Hepatitis B virus should be treated with Hepatitis B immune globulin and hepatitis B vaccine within 12 hours of birth, with the second and third doses of vaccine given at one and six months of age.

Prophylaxis of Hepatitis D

• Hepatitis D only occurs in those who have hepatitis B

• Hepatitis D virus depends on HBV to develop, all the preventing measures that someone can take are regarding also the prevention against Hepatitis B virus

• So the vaccine against Hepatitis B, prevents both Hepatitis B and Hepatitis D infection

• Unfortunately, there is no vaccine available against the hepatitis D virus for people who are already infected with hepatitis B virus

Thats all.. Thank you so much for visiting & reading.. I appreciate all your support! ^_^
Have a rocking weekend \m/