Monday, November 26, 2018

A rare type of fistula-Arterioenteric fistula

As the name suggests, this type of fistula is characterized by an anomalous connection between the bowel and arterial lumen.

CAUSES- Diverticulitis, Inflammatory bowel disease, bowel wall perforation, penetrating ulcers, aneurysms, prosthetic vascular grafts, radiation, trauma, or foreign body ingestion.

CLINICAL PRESENTATION- Depending on the cause it could include abdominal pain, hematochezia, hematuria (say if diverticulitis perforates bladder wall), sepsis, syncope (due to volume depletion from major bleed), gangrenous involvement of limbs due to vascular insufficiency, etc...

MANAGEMENT- Prompt diagnosis with laparoscopic intervention to eliminate fistula and any revascularization procedures if needed is the key to reduce mortality in such patients.

Kirtan Patolia

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