Wednesday, March 27, 2019

WHO Pain Ladder

Humans are the most exquisite devices ever made for experiencing pain; the richer our inner lives, the greater the varieties of pain there are for us to feel.
As physicians, never forget how painful pain is, nor how fear magnifies pain. Try not to let these sensations, so often interposed between your patient and recovery, be invisible to you as he/ she bravely puts up with them.

[Please click on the image to enhance it]

ALWAYS GO UP THE PAIN LADDER, IF PAIN PERSISTS/ INCREASES.
- Simple analgesics are non-narcotic.
- Review and chart each pain carefully and individually.
- Identify and treat underlying pathology, wherever possible.
Adjuvants:
1. Neuropathic pain: Gabapentin, Pregabalin, Amitriptyline, Duloxetine, Steroids
2. Bone cancer pain (primary or mets): Radiotherapy, Bisphosphonates
3. Intestinal/ Renal colic: Hyoscine butylbromide
4. Muscle spasm: Baclofen
5. Brief pain relief: Nitrous oxide (usually with oxygen)


- Ashish Singh

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