Monday, September 27, 2021

HVPG = Hepatic Venous Pressure Gradient

 HVPG = WHVP - Free Hepatic venous pressures 

  • WHVP = Wedged hepatic venous pressure
  • gradient between pressures in the portal vein and the intra-abdominal portion of IVC 
  • When blood flow in a hepatic vein is stopped by a wedged catheter, the proximal static column of blood transmits the pressure from the preceding communicated vascular territory (hepatic sinusoids) to the catheter. Thus, WHVP reflects hepatic sinusoidal pressure.
  • In the normal liver, due to pressure equilibration through interconnected sinusoids, wedged pressure is slightly lower than portal pressure, though this difference is clinically insignificant.

➡️ While in Cirrhosis , Sinusoidal interconnection are lost. Therefore, WHVP gives an accurate estimation of portal pressure in cirrhosis !!!

Normal HVPG = 1-5 mm hg 

HVPG >5 = Portal HTN 

HVPG > 10 = Clinically Significant portal HTN 

HVPG > 12 = Threshold for Variceal Rupture = So use Beta Blocker to ⬇️ it.

Measurement of the Hepatic Venous Pressure Gradient (HVPG)

Thank you ! 🩺

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