Sunday, December 7, 2014

Hydrops fetalis mnemonic

The mnemonic for causes is, "H FETALIS"
Hemolytic disease of new born
Fibroelastosis (Endocardial fibroelastosis)
Ebsteins anomaly
Trisomy 13, 18, 21
TORCH infections
Anemia
Asphyxia
Alpha thalassemia (Barts)
Lysosomal storage disease
Leukemia
Idiopathic
Skeletal abnormalities

Hydrops fetalis due to Rh incompatibility mnemonic is, "HYDROPS FETALIS"
Hypoproteinaema due to fetal liver anoxaemia (Leads to hydrothorax, ascites)
Halo around head on x-ray
Y LYsis of red blood cells
Doppler to detect edema
Rh antibody on serology
Oedema
Polyhydramnios
Placental tissue is hyperplastic
Swelling of villi with undue persistence of Langhans layer
Still born or macerated baby
Sonography to detect scalp, skin edema
Failure of heart (High output cardiac failure)
Effusion and echogenic bowel on USG
Tissue anoxaemia
Anemia, Acidosis
Liver damage due to anoxia
Icterus
Splenomegaly and hepatomegaly
That's all!
-IkaN

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