Saturday, November 29, 2014

Hematemesis mnemonic

This mnemonic is for covering the unusual causes - DO NOT FORGET THE USUAL CAUSES LIKE ULCER AND VARICES.

Okay, now that the caps lock warning is read, let's get started :P

The mnemonic is, "UV HEMATEMESIS"

UV? BECAUSE YOU DON'T WANT TO FORGET ULCER AND VARICES. (Gosh, I'm loving capslock today!)

H: Hemorrhagic diathesis, Hemobilia
A: Arteriovenous malformation (Dieulafoy's disease)
E: Ectasia (Gastric enteral vascular ectasia)
M: Mallory Weiss syndrome
A: Anemia (Pernicious anemia)
T: Thrombocytopenia
E: Enteroaortic fistula
M: Malignancy - Gastric lymphoma, leiomyoma, polyp, carcinoma stomach, carcinoma esophagus
E: Erosion
S: Syndromes - CREST syndrome, Osler Weber Rendau syndrome, Ehlers -  Danlos syndrome
I: Itis - Gastritis, Esophagitis, Duodenitis
I: Inflammatory bowel disease
S: Splenectomy (Post splenectomy congestion due to ligation of short gastric vessels)

That's all!
There's another popular, "gum bleeding" mnemonic on the internet, but I keep forgetting it :/
*sings* I keep bleeding, keep, keep bleeding, love.

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