Showing posts with label USMLE Step 2 CK. Show all posts
Showing posts with label USMLE Step 2 CK. Show all posts

Friday, February 5, 2021

Sunday, January 31, 2021

Risk factors of Acute otitis media in child


Why Foot imaging is essential for Diabetic foot ulcer ?

Because osteomyelitis can arise without evidence of soft tissue infection due to neuropathy (diminished pain) and poor peripheral blood flow (diminished erythema, warmth, and purulence).  Therefore, foot imaging (eg, x-ray, MRI) is generally recommended for all diabetic foot ulcers that are:

How to identify Necrotizing surgical site infection ?

Monday, January 25, 2021

Mnemonic for Thanatophoric dysplasia (thanatophoric dwarfism)


A lethal skeletal dysplasia. It is the most common lethal skeletal dysplasia followed by osteogenesis imperfecta type II. 

Mutation of fibroblast growth receptor 3 (FGFR3) gene 

Type 1 : telephone handle like femurs

Type 2 : presence of a cloverleaf skull. Limb shortening milder and bowing is not there. 

Mnemonic : PCR

P = Platyspondyly (flattened vertebral bodies) 

C = Cloverleaf skull

R = Rhizomelic dwarfism , Rib cage is small 

Rhizomelic dwarfism Proximal (i.e. femoral, humeral) limb shortening.

Present as Nonviable fetus do spontaneous vaginal delivery!

Thank you!

Friday, January 22, 2021

Why von Willebrand disease has normal aPTT sometimes ?

VWF acts as a carrier protein for factor VIII.  Factor VIII is more rapidly degraded when unbound, and VWF deficiency can therefore lead to impairment of the intrinsic coagulation pathway leading to a prolonged activated PTT.  

Etiology of Fetal hydrops Mnemonic

Thursday, January 21, 2021

Mnemonic for pregnancy complications with short inter pregnancy interval

Definition : <6-18 months from delivery to next pregnancy

During pregnancy, maternal folate and iron are depleted for fetal development, and the resulting maternal anemia is exacerbated by normal blood loss during delivery (eg, up to 10%-20% of blood volume).  In breastfeeding women, continued nutritional demands from the newborn prevent repletion of normal folate and iron stores, resulting in prolonged anemia!

Friday, January 8, 2021

Tripod position mnemonic

Hi everyone!

Short mnemonic is here..

“Tripod TONE is forwarding air into the Lungs” 

Sunday, January 3, 2021

Mnemonic for LAB evaluations for SSRI overdose


Short mnemonic!

Isolated SSRI overdose = Asx / mild CNS Depression 

If symptomatic SSRI overdose with altered mental status & abnormal physical findings. 

Then Check for “ECG” 

Mnemonic = ECG! 

 = ECG ( As Citalopram & Escitalopram can cause QT prolongation ) 


C = Coingestants (Ethanol , Benzodiazepines, Acetaminophen )& biCarbonate Levels ( assess for Metabolic acidosis ) 

G = Glucose levels ( rule out hypoglycemia as a cause of altered mental status)