Sunday, August 30, 2015

Growth hormone deficiency mnemonic

Today I'll be sharing a mnemonic on Growth hormone deficiency!

Barts hemoglobin mnemonic

So I just came across a question asking me why Barts hydrops fetalis is lethal. The answer is because Barts hemoglobin can't release oxygen to the tissues.

And I thought, "Barts can't fart oxygen." as a funny way to remember this xD

What is Barts hemoglobin anyway?

Tetramers of gamma globin chains formed when there is deletion of all four alpha globin genes.

How do you remember Barts hemoglobin has gamma chains?
I made a sentence with a lot of B's and G's. I'm not even sure if you can call it a mnemonic.
"BiG bart bargains for bar games."
I don't know if it works.

That's all!


Graves ophthalmoplegia case

Hello everyone!

I saw an interesting case in the ward today. And I'll be asking loads of questions for you to answer as you read along!

There was a 75 year old man with proptosis, inability to move his right eye inferiorly or adduct his eye. Any guesses on what it could be?

Saturday, August 29, 2015

Antianginal drug classes mnemonic


So today, on our study group, Vaidehi posted a mnemonic for anti anginal drugs.

The mnemonic is, "Black Nights Can Please Others"

1) Beta blockers:
Propranolol, Metoprolol

2) Nitrates (Since nights are sorry and long so do we have - )
Short acting Nitrates: GTN
Long acting Nitrates: Isosorbide

3) Calcium channel blockers: Verapamil, Nifedipine

4) Potassium channel openers (Can also be remembered as - A pleasing person is open to others)

5) Others:
Dipyridamole, Ivabradine

Thanks a lot for the mnemonic Vaidehi!


Related post: Anti arrhythmic drug classes mnemonic

Friday, August 28, 2015

Repeating PG entrance exam

"I'm a PG aspirant... This is my third year of PG preparation. I lost all interest in medicine. I've lost all hope too. I'm just tired of trying. I don't know who to talk to. I don't know how you get so much passion to write your blogs. I don't how to study also."

I understand that giving an exam for the third time must be really frustrating and tiring.

So my advice to you is - Make sure you prepare so well this time that it's your last attempt and that you get whichever post graduation seat you desire. Study real hard, no excuses.

It's natural that you tend to lose interest in learning repetitive facts. Maybe you should try hunting for new ideas, new perspectives and gain a different understanding of old concepts?
Google about facts you've learnt earlier. This time, instead of memorizing, think of why.
Question everything - Why does this muscle cause that movement? Why does sickle cell anemia cause leukocytosis? Why does phenytoin produce vitamin B9 deficiency?
Trust me, questions and curiosity will awaken an unexplored passion in you - The one you lost in studying the same things over and over again.

Thursday, August 27, 2015

Causes of sideroblastic anemia mnemonic

Mini post for the day!

Do you know the causes of Sideroblastic anemia? No? You guys are such liars!

Mnemonic: LIARS

Hemoglobin and erythropoiesis mnemonics

Hi everyone! Long time no see? :D

Today, I'll be sharing a few facts and mnemonics on hemoglobin and erythropoiesis. Let's get started!

Do you know the order in which hemoglobin appear from early embryo to infancy?
It's embryonic hemoglobin first (Gower 1, Gower 2, Portland) then fetal and after that, adult.
Mnemonic: Gower goes, fetal follows, adult afterwards. 
(Also, notice the reverse alphabetical order -  G, F, e, d, c, B, A)

The alphabets also pair the chains with their respective hemoglobin!
GF - Gamma Fetal
BA - Beta Adult

Sunday, August 23, 2015

Study group discussion: Contraindications of ACE inhibitors

Why ACE inhibitors are contraindicated -
During pregnancy
In CCF due to severe aortic stenosis
Bilateral renal artery stenosis

Please explain.

Study group discussion: Polygonal cells

What are polygonal cells ?

I know I'm stating the obvious, but can I guess cells which are polygonal in shape? :P

According to Google, Polygonal cells have many sides. (Four to five mostly)

The skin has a layer of polygonal cells called the stratum spinosum.

Wednesday, August 12, 2015

Criteria for LVH in ECG

Hey everyone!

Someone requested me to do a criteria for LVH in ECG. Here are a few!

Cornell criteria: Add the R wave in aVL and the S wave in V3. If the sum is > 28 mm in males or > 20 mm in females, then LVH is present.

Mnemonic: 20 carnivals tree
caRniVALS (Corn evil? Cornell?) tree
R in aVL (caRniVaL).
S in V three (tree).
3 looks like a Mirrored 8.
So 28 in Males, 20 in females.

Friday, August 7, 2015

ORS and baby - My ORS week poster

It's ORS week again! And this time, I made the poster in Marathi, one of my favorite languages!

ORS week poster in Marathi
For all those who don't know Marathi, here's a translation. (The dialogue might not sound as cute in English, but here it goes!)

Wednesday, August 5, 2015