Showing posts with label Nutrition. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Nutrition. Show all posts

Friday, February 24, 2017

Monday, December 26, 2016

Pseudotumor cerebri notes

Pseudotumor cerebri

Associated with:
Vitamin A toxicity

Signs and symptoms:
Sixth nerve palsy
Visual field defects
Pulsutile tinnitus

To rule out space occupying lesions - CT / MRI normal
Most accurate - Lumbar puncture with opening CSF pressure measurement

Weight loss

Why does increased ICP cause 6th nerve (Abducens) palsy?
Increased ICP can result in downward displacement of the brainstem, causing stretching of the sixth nerve secondary to its location within  Dorello's canal.

That's all!

Saturday, December 24, 2016

Vitamin D and multiple sclerosis

Hey awesomites!

Since I have written posts regarding the association of vitamin D deficiency with certain neurological disorders previously, I am here again with one more addition into the box (on sincere request of our main author IkaN.. :p ).

Monday, December 5, 2016

Submissions: Selenium deficiency mnemonic

"Selena Gomez and Ke$ha both are young and have big hearts."

Selenium deficiency causes Keshan disease which is cardiomyopathy in young children. Also, singers like to dye their hair (Loss of hair pigment is seen in Selenium deficiency aka Keshan disease).

Submitted by Krutika.

Interesting fact: Keshans disease is thought to be caused by Selenium deficiency and coxsackie virus. It's common in places where selenium content in soil is low (China).

That's all!
Thanks Krutika for the mnemonic =)

Sunday, July 10, 2016

Biotin deficiency mnemonic


Here's an interesting case of vitamin deficiency you should read.

Biotin deficiency is rare. Nice to know for exams though. Soooo.. I made a mnemonic. Biotin reminds me of the comic character, Tin Tin!

Biotin mnemonic

Study group discussion: A case of vitamin deficiency

Here's a vignette that I found on USMLE forums:

A 20-year-old male patient is admitted to the hospital 6 months ago following a motorcycle accident resulting in a severe closed head injury. The man has experienced recurrent fungal skin infections resistant to treatment for 1 month and severe vomiting over the last 2 days. Review of the patient's records shows he was well before the injury. He now suffers severe permanent cognitive impairment and requires continuous high-dose phenytoin therapy to manage chronic debilitating tonic-clonic seizures. The patient is resting comfortably in no apparent distress. He is unable to converse coherently. Vital signs are normal. Physical exam is striking for nearly total alopecia. A periorofacial erythematous macular rash is present along with severe seborrheic dermatitis and several truncal ringlike lesions consistent with tinea corpus infection.

Select the most likely vitamin deficiency.
Answer Choices:
A. Vitamin A deficiency
B. Vitamin B12 deficiency
C. Vitamin C deficiency
D. Vitamin D deficiency
E. Vitamin E deficiency
F. Thiamine deficiency
G. Pyridoxine deficiency
H. Folate deficiency
I. Biotin deficiency

Wednesday, June 15, 2016

Clinical and radiological features of rickets mnemonic


So I had created this video long back but just realized I never uploaded it on the blog. Here it is! :)

Tuesday, June 14, 2016

Migraines linked to Vitamin D deficiency

Hey awesomites!

A new study suggests that migraine attacks are linked to vitamin deficiencies.

The question is - 'Could supplements be the key to fight such attacks?'

Vitamin D in Type - 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Hey awesomites!

Vitamin  D has an important role in overcoming insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes. Here's how...

Thursday, January 21, 2016

Mnemonic for Vit B complex

Hey guys, Jay here! These days we are having Nutrition subject and we were studying Vitamin B complex recently. Since it's confusing to me I made a mnemonic using the names of my class mates :P

With all due respect to my classmates who are future physicians, here is my mnemonic! :)

What is the difference between Vegetarianism and Veganism?

Hey guys Jay here once again. Today I thought to talk about a subject matter discussed in our Nutrition class. That is about Vegetarianism and Veganism.

Many think these both terms are interchangeable, but in fact it is NOT!!!

So let us compare Vegetarianism and Veganism...

Tuesday, March 24, 2015

Study group discussion: Vitamin K overdose and deficiency

What's the adverse effect of excess dose of vitamin K, if given in new born?

Answer: Neonates - In infants (particularly premature babies), excessive doses of vitamin K analogs during the first few days of life may cause severe hemolytic anemia; this in turn may result in  hyperbilirubinemia, kernicterus, leading to brain damage or even death.

Monday, February 16, 2015

Study group discussion: Vitamins (Antioxidants, Vitamin E and vitamins in egg)

Name the vitamins which are anti-oxidants?
Vitamin A, C, E.
Mnemonic: Ace the oxidants!

Which is the anti-oxidant important to prevent lipid peroxidation?
Vitamin E

Sunday, December 7, 2014

Vitamin C and Scurvy mnemonic

We'll be learning all about vitamin C today!

Random facts about Vitamin C:
Citrus fruits and cabbage are sources
Cooking destroys vitamin C
Collagen synthesis
Capillary intercellular matrix formation
Chew (Bones and teeth development)

So many C's!

Vitamin C deficiency was seen in people who traveled the seas (C's, get it?) because they didn't have a fresh stock of green leafy vegetables.

Since scurvy was also seen in pirates, the mnemonic for deficiency of vitamin C is my favorite pirate -  Captain Jack Sparrow!