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Last updated on: 24th Jan 2017

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Studying anatomy again
Anatomy and Neuroanatomy - How to Study

- Head, neck and face (ENT and otolaryngology also included here)
♥ Triangles of the neck diagram and mnemonic

Tongue, pharynx, larynx
Extrinsic muscles of the tongue
Lymphatic drainage of the tongue
Innervation of the tongue, palate, pharynx & larynx with mnemonic

Anatomy of the larynx: Cartilages
Mnemonic for the laryngeal muscles and their actions

PATCHED: When the tonsils shows a membrane
Tracheostomy: urgency vs emergency

Nose related
Memorizing how to draw the nasal septum
CSF rhinorrhea and meningitis treatment

Ear related
Battle's sign mnemonic
How to draw the tympanic membrane
Vestibular nerve, pathway and mnemonic for the receptors
Vestibular Apparatus Mnemonic
Cochlear nerve, pathway and mnemonic

Glands in the head, neck and face
Parotid tumors mnemonic
Secretomotor pathway to submandibular gland mnemonic

ENT instruments
(More than 10 instruments here.)

- Upper extremity
Brachial plexus mnemonic
Radial nerve
Median nerve
Ulnar nerve
Intrinsic muscles of the hand mnemonic
How to remember the function of anconeus muscle (Screwing movement at elbow joint)
Hand of Benediction and clawing mnemonic
Supination and Pronation of  Forearm
Why do we feel temperature with the back of our hand and why not the front?
Klumpkes paralysis notes
Anastomosis around the Scapula

- Lower extremity
Did you know soleus is known as the second heart?
Peroneal nerve branches mnemonic
Gluteus maximus is innervated by the inferior gluteal nerve
Sciatic nerve distribution and Sciatica
An artery is always palapated against a bone
Tarsal Bones Mnemonic

- Abdomen
Submissions: Branches of the abdominal aorta flow chart
Left testicular vein drains into (Mnemonic)
Peritoneal ligaments of liver

- Embryology
Steps of mitosis mnemonic
Two interesting facts related to embryology.
How to remember gene for differentiation of gonads
Gastroschisis vs Omphalocele mnemonic
♥ Aortic arch derivatives mnemonic images
Nervous system origins mnemonic
Embryological origin of brain mnemonics
Cleft lip and palate mnemonics

Conjunctiva, sclera and uvea related
Step 2 CK: Conjunctivitis in newborn
Symptoms of conjunctival disorders mnemonic
Pterygium is more common on the nasal side: Why?
Herpes zoster ophthalmicus notes
Membranous and pseudomembranous conjunctivitis notes

Cornea related
Symptoms of corneal disorders mnemonic
ICE syndrome mnemonic
Layers of the cornea mnemonic
Mnemonic: Organisms penetrating an intact Cornea

Glaucoma related
♥ Progression of visual field defects in Glaucoma mnemonic
Vogt's triad in congestive glaucoma mnemonic

Refractive indices of the eye mnemonic
Prolate and Oblate ellipse mnemonic
Layers of retina
Graves ophthalmoplegia
Amaurosis fugax mnemonics
Tropia vs Phoria
Difference between Iris repositor and IOL dialer
Classification of closed globe injuries

Ectopia lentis mnemonic
Myopia and power mnemonic
Myopia and Hypermetropia mnemonic

Biochemistry – How to study?
Studying Biochemistry

Glucose, glycogen metabolism
Intermediates in Gluconeogenesis mnemonic
♥ Glycogen storage diseases mnemonic
Glycogen storage diseases mnemonic by A. P. Burkholderia
Galactose and fructose metabolism mnemonics
Carbohydrate Loading
Dextrorotary or levorotatory and D or L forms
GLUT mnemonic

Protein metabolism
Difference between heterocyclic aminoacids and aromatic aminoacids
Amino acids with electrically charged side chains mnemonic

Alkaptonuria and Albinism enzymes mnemonic
Alkaptonuria notes and mnemonic

Homocysteine metabolism notes
Heme synthesis mnemonic

Fat metabolism
Lipoproteins and apoproteins
♥ How to remember lipoprotein disorders
Lipoprotein A and thrombosis
Pharmacology related to cholesterol and lipids
LDL cholesterol - The bad turns good
Bile acid sequestrants mnemonic
Lipid lowering agents mnemonic

Niemann-Pick disease mnemonic

Mnemonics on nutrition
Submissions: Selenium deficiency mnemonic
Study group discussion: A case of vitamin deficiency
♥ Vitamin C and Scurvy mnemonic
Vitamin B related
♥ Biotin (vitamin B7) mnemonic
Biotin deficiency mnemonic
Mnemonic for Vit B complex
Vitamin D
Vitamin D resistant rickets mnemonic
Vitamin D in Type - 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Genetics and molecular biochemistry
Klein Waardenburg syndrome
Crispy C.R.I.S.P.R.!
Inheritance: Funny illustration
Evolution, transposons and retrotransposons
How to remember that the gene product of RAS is GTPase
♥ DNA replication mnemonics
dUMP to dTMP reaction
♥ Southern, Northern, and Western blot mnemonic
Purine and pyrimidine nucleotides mnemonic
Mnemonic for base pairing of nucleotides
Amino acids necessary for purine synthesis mnemonic
Nucleoside vs Nucleotide
Difference between ribose and deoxyribose sugar menmonic

On enzymes and reactions
Classification of enzymes mnemonic
Entropy, Enthalpy and Gibbs free energy – The monsters of bioenergetics.
How to remember the sign and direction of Gibbs free energy change
♥ Competitive and non competitive inhibitors simplified
Competitive vs Non-Competitive Inhibitors mnemonic

Synthase vs. Synthetase
Dehydrogenase vs. Dehydratase
Oxidase vs. Oxygenase
Enzymes and the Type of Reactions they Catalyze ( Part 1 : OXIDOREDUCTASES)
Enzymes and the Type of Reactions they Catalyze ( Part 2 : TRANSFERASES)
Enzymes and the Type of Reactions they Catalyze ( Part 3 : HYDROLASES)
Enzymes and the Type of Reactions they Catalyze ( Part 4 : LYASES)
Enzymes and the Type of Reactions they Catalyze ( Part 5 : ISOMERASES)

Enzymes and the Type of Reactions they Catalyze ( Part 6 : LIGASES)

Other posts related to biochemistry
Inhibitors of electron transport chain mnemonic


♥ Cell wall of gram positive and gram negative bacteria mnemonic
Cell wall of gram positive and gram negative bacteria notes

♥ Difference between Blood Agar and Chocolate Agar

Difference between viral and bacterial infection
Difference between secondary and superinfection

Biochemical tests for Streptococcus pneumoniae mnemonic
Lancefield group for classification of Streptococci mnemonic
Scarlet fever notes and mnemonic

♥ Neisseria mnemonic
Panton-Valentine leukocidin
Alpha and Beta hemolytic organisms mnemonic
Antibiotic sensitivity tests for gram positive cocci mnemonic

H. influenzae type b capsule mnemonic
Mycobacterial biochemical reactions mnemonic
Leptospirosis and Weil's disease mnemonic
Chronic granulomatous disease - Catalase positive organisms mnemonic

Tetanus are Anaerobic! Can Oxygen infusion into the wound, heal tetanus?
3 month old with hypotonia
Clinical vignette clues for multiple choice questions: Infected food.
♥ About B cereus food poisoning and mnemonic

Of Iron, bacteria, hemochromatosis and plague


What causes thrombocytopenia in malaria?
Plasmodium species that have a dormant liver form (hypnozoites) mnemonic
Intrinsic and extrinsic incubation period
Pharmacology related to malaria
Malaria prophylaxis and treatment mnemonic

Differentials of nodular lymphangitis
Transmission of toxoplasmosis
Toxoplasma gondii mnemonic

♥ Trichomonas vaginalis mnemonic
Bacterial vaginosis: Difference between Trichomonas vaginalis and Gardenella vaginalis with mnemonic

Vector borne diseases mnemonic
Tick borne disease mnemonic

♥ Bile stained and non bile stained eggs mnemonic
Enterobius vermicularis notes & mnemonics
Strongyloides stercaralis notes and mnemonics

Submissions: Chagas disease notes
Layers of hydatid cyst mnemonic and diagram
Filariasis mnemonic
Rickettsia mnemonic

Mycology and fungi
Pharmacology related to fungi
Antifungal drugs (with mechanism of action) mnemonic
Scabies treatment mnemonic


Hantavirus mnemonic
Parvovirus B19 (Erythema infectiosum) mnemonics
Dengue fever, DHF, DSS and WHO criteria mnemonic
Measles mnemonic
How I remember that Norwalk virus is a Calicivirus that causes gastroenteritis
Olympics 2016 and the Zika
Zika -The next Ebola?

Pharmacology related to antivirals
Antiretroviral drugs mnemonic
Protease inhibitors: Indinavir and Ritonavir mnemonic


All about cells in the immune system
Cells of the immune system
Basophils simplified
Eosinophils simplified
Dendritic cells simplified
Mast cell simplified
Monocytes & macrophages simplified
Neutrophils simplified
Eosinophilia mnemonic
Natural killer cells simplified
Phagocytes simplified
Policemen of our body
Granular contents of neutrophils mnemonic
Phagocytes, Monocytes, Macrophages, Histiocytes?! What's the difference between them?

The chronicles of the T cell and B cell
Morphology of lymphocytes
Thymus dependent activation of B lymphocytes simplified
About B cells and T cells
Where do B cells and T cells reside in the lymph nodes and spleen?
Maturation of a T cell
Education of T lymphocytes
Function of B lymphocyte simplified
Function of Cytotoxic T lymphocyte simplified
Types of Helper T cells
Why is B cell called a B cell?
Being a B cell
An Autobiography of a T Helper cell about HIV vaccine

Antibodies and antigens
Immunoglobulin A and IgA deficeincy mnemonic
How superantigens work
What is the difference between immunogenicity and antigenicity?
Functions of antibodies simplified
Antibody structure simplified
Structure of antibody
All about antibodies
All about antibody function (Images from the video)
All about antibody structure (Images from the video)

Immunology in diagnostics
Competitive ELISA
Sandwich ELISA
Indirect ELISA
Direct ELISA
ELISA: Enzyme Linked Immuno Sorbent Assay
Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) simplified

Types of hypersensitivity reactions
Stages of delayed type of hypersensitivity simplified
♥ Hypersensitivity types mnemonic

Immortal cells

HLA subtype associated diseases mnemonics
HLA, MHC & CD T cell mnemonic
Which cells have which MHC class?
Antigen presenting cells display processed antigens to T cells through which MHC molecule?

Leukocyte adhesion deficiency mnemonic

Hematopoietic stem cell differentiation mnemonic
Chemokines (chemoattractants) mnemonic
Interleukin 2 mnemonic
Which interleukins are secreted by T cells? (Mnemonic)
Interleukin 1 mnemonic

How do anti-TNF biologics work?
Immune system has 2 arms - Innate and Adaptive
Ciliated epithelial cells - A physical barrier of the immune system

Pathology, physiology and medicine

Molecular and cellular pathology
Mechanism of Invasion of Tumor cells
Apoptosis: Proapoptotic and anti-apoptotic molecules mnemonic
Apoptosis - Quick review
Apoptosis genes mnemonic
♥ Hypertrophy- is it just all about size?
Hyperplasia - Physiologic or Pathologic?
Non caseating granulomas mnemonic
Gap Junctions and Connexin Mutation
Cell mnemonics
Hypoxia and radiotherapy
Equilibrium potential value of an ion and how to apply it to action potential ?

Cardiac pathophysiology (Cardiology)

Next best step in management in ST depression and ST elevation in acute coronary syndromes
Step 2 CK: Interventions that lower mortality in STEMI and ACS
Prinzmetals angina
Study group discussion: Widow makers artery
Post MI complications mnemonic
Cardiac pharmacology
Contraindications to thrombolytic therapy
Why are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents avoided in myoardial infarction?

Endocarditis related
Most commons of bacterial endocarditis
Diagnosis of Infective Endocarditis ( Duke's Criteria)
Stigmata of infective endocarditis

Heart failure
NYHA Classification for heart failure mnemonic and practicals tip
Step 2 CK: Mortality benefit in Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)
Viva questions: CHF and checking edema

Atrial fibrillation
♥ Supraventricular tachycardia mnemonic
Pharmacology related to arrhytmias
Atrial fibrillation in WPW syndrome
Why does Digoxin toxicity result in increased automaticity?
How to remember digoxin is renally excreted
♥ Antiarrhythmic drug classes mnemonic
Inactivated sodium channels and Lidocaine (Lignocaine)
Top 10 series: Amiodarone
Top 10 series: Digoxin

Valvular lesions and congenital heart diseases
Submissions: Murmur characteristics mnemonic
How to remember HOCM is an Autosomal Dominant disease
♥ Heart murmurs mnemonic
♥ Signs seen in Aortic regurgitation mnemonic
Heyde's syndrome mnemonic

Cardiac physiology
Cushing's Reflex in Meningitis: Mnemonic
Baroreceptors mnemonic
Ionotrophy, chronotrophy, dromotrophy, lusirophy and bathmotrophy
Types of pulse mnemonic
♥ Mean systemic filling pressure
♥ Cardiac Output and Venous Return curve mnemonic
Why does heart stop in diastole when plasma potassium level rises?
♥ Why are there differences in cardiac action potential in different parts of the heart?
Cardiac fast fibers and slow fibers - Why does a less negative membrane potential convert a normally fast fiber into a slow fiber?
Behind the scenes: Subendocardial fibres lack phase 1

Nitric oxide 

T wave Inversion Mnemonic
Hypercalcemia and hypocalcemia - ECG
Zones of MI, leads and ECG mnemonic
Long QT syndrome mnemonic
Criteria for LVH in ECG
♥ Evaluating axis from ECG (Mnemonic)
ST elevation other than MI
Causes of inverted T waves
♥ The illusion of ST segment elevation in transmural myocardial infarction
ECG basics

Vascular pathophysiology

Kawasaki disease mnemonic
Kawasaki disease quiz!
Kawasakis disease mnemonic

Polyarteritis nodosa mnemonic
Behcet's syndrome mnemonic
Henoch Scholein purpura notes and mnemonic
Buerger's disease

Abdominal aortic aneurysm notes
Diagnosis of aortic dissection

Mnemonic for arterial involvement in atherosclerosis
Antibodies to stop Heart disease!
Virchow's Triad Mnemonic (NEW)

Arteriovenous fistula - What happens to cardiac output and total peripheral resistance and why?

Pulmonology (Respiratory)
Breath sounds mnemonic
Abnormal breath sounds: Crackles, Wheeze, Rhonchi and Stridor

Physiology related to the respiratory system
♥ Oxygen - hemoglobin dissociation curve mnemonic
Case scenarios: When you don't give patients 100% O2 and why
Decompression sickness - Caisson's disease
Ondine's curse
What is dead space of lungs?

Infections of the respiratory system
Step 2 CK: Treatment of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) mnemonic
Symptoms of Legionella pneumonia mnemonic
Tuberculosis (TB)
Ghon's complex in primary tuberculosis mnemonic
Tuberculosis mnemonics
Why secondary tuberculosis affects the upper lobe?
Chronic complications of pulmonary tuberculosis mnemonic
Pharmacology related to tuberculosis
Top 10 series: Rifampicin
Antitubercular drugs mnemonic
Treatment of MDR tuberculosis mnemonic

Other pulmonary diseases
Pulmonary contusion vs ARDS for Step 2 CK
In my words: Diagnosing a PE
Lofgrens syndrome mnemonic

Respiratory pharmacology
Short acting bronchodilators and long acting bronchodilators mnemonic
Bleomycin metabolism

Gastrointestinal and Hepatobiliary system (Abdomen)

Ulcerative Colitis, Crohn's disease and rectal involvement
Crohn's disease mnemonic
Extraintestinal manifestations of inflammatory bowel disease mnemonic

Diseases causing malabsoprtion 
Diagnosis of celiac disease
Celiac disease mnemonic
Whipples disease mnemonic

Tumors of the GIT
Zollinger Ellison syndrome mnemonic
Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors Mnemonic
Atypical carcinoid syndrome mnemonic

Pathophysiology of achalasia mnemonic
Ulcers of the stomach mnemonic
♥ Difference between chronic atrophic gastritis type A and type B

Causes of hepatosplenomegaly mnemonic
♥ Difference between primary biliary cirrhosis and primary sclerosing cholangitis mnemonic
Normal AST, ALT and ALP values mnemonic
SAAG mnemonic
Stigmata of diseases
Volume of ascitic fluid, abdominal assessment in ascites and my viva incident
♥ Cirrhosis of liver: Concepts, mechanism and pathophysiology
What is the cause of reversal of sleep wake pattern in patients with cirrhosis?

Hematology (Blood) and oncology
Leukemias and lymphomas
Lap score
Why does acute promyelocytic leukemia (M3) cause DIC?
Blast cells - Acute or chronic leukemia? Mnemonic!
Step 2 CK: CLL notes and staging mnemonic
A case with dyspnea and blurring of vision
Step 2 CK: AML (Acute myelogenous leukemia) notes
Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML) treatment mnemonic
♥ Hairy cell leukaemia simplified
French American British classification of Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia (AML types) mnemonic
Mantle cell lymphoma mnemonic
♥ Burkitts lymphoma mnemonic
Follicular lymphoma mnemonic
Langerhans cell histiocytosis notes and mnemonic
Pharmacology related to leukemias and lymphomas
Non-Hodgkins lymphoma treatment (CHOP regimen) mnemonic    
Hodgkins lymphoma treatment (ABVD regimen) mnemonic
Treatment of AML mnemonic
Top 10 series: Cyclophosphamide
Top 10 series: Methotrexate
Other posts related to oncology
Cyber knife
Cancer cells
7 reasons why cancer cells are immortal

Anemia, iron metabolism and related posts
Blood indices
Pathophysiology of symptoms in anemia
Difference between iron deficiency anemia and anemia of chronic disease
Special and differentiating investigations in Anemia
Study group discussion: Red cell Distribution Width (RDW)
Study group discussion: Ferritin
Ferrous vs Ferric mnemonic
Iron deficiency anemia
Diamond blackfan anemia notes and mnemonic
The Basics - Anaemia
Acute post hemorrhagic anemia

Thalassemia, sickle cell anemia and others
Thalassemia mnemonic
Thalassemia blood picture mnemonic
Barts hemoglobin mnemonic
Hemolytic face mnemonic
♥ Why is there an increased white cell count in sickle cell anemia?
Hemoglobin and erythropoiesis mnemonics
Microcytic anemias
Causes of sideroblastic anemia mnemonic
Lead poisoning mnemonic
Other posts related to anemias and hemoglobin
Causes of macrocytic anemia mnemonic
Constitutional pancytopenia mnemonic
Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria mnemonic
♥ Drugs causing hemolysis in G6PD deficiency mnemonic
An Eye to Cyanide -2
♥ An Eye to Cyanide

Clot or bleed :P
♥ Clotting factors mnemonic
von Willebrand disease mnemonic
Bernard Soulier syndrome mnemonic
Lines of Zahn
Study group discussion: ADP fibrinogen test
Hemolytic uremic syndrome mnemonic
Pharmacology related to clotting and bleeding
♥ Anti-platelet drugs, receptor and their deficiencies mnemonic
Tissue plasminogen activator mnemonic
Treatment of TTP mnemonic
Anticoagulants mnemonic

Rh incompatibility
The Rh factor
Major And Minor Blood Cross Matching Compatibility Tests
Erythroblastosis fetalis (HDNF)
Rh incompatibility
Question: What happens when mother is Rh positive and fetus is Rh negative?

Other posts related to hematology
Hematology and chemical pathology mnemonics
Why does hypophosphatemia cause an increased affinity for oxygen in the blood?
Oxygen saturation mnemonic
Study group discussion: Different sized spherocytes
Study group discussion: Cold agglutinin disease and extravascular hemolysis in liver
Study group discussion: Why are agglutinates not seen in warm type autoimmune hemolytic anemia?

Nephrology (Renal)
Principal cell function and location
Clearance of inulin and para-aminohippuric acid mnemonic
♥ Free water clearance
Glomerular filtration rate formula and mnemonic
♥ What is the difference between prerenal failure & acute tubular necrosis?
♥ Darrow-Yannet Diagrams simplified
Darrow Yannet diagram: Doubt
Paracellular leak in the thick ascending limb

Nephrotic, nephritic syndromes and nephropathies
Hodgkins lymphoma and minimal change disease mnemonic
Membranous glomerulonephritis mnemonic
Membranous glomerulonephritis notes
Secondary focal segmental glomerulosclerosis mnemonic
Hodgkins lymphoma and minimal change disease
Analagesic nephropathy
Step 2 CK: Goodpastures syndrome notes

Hexagonal crystals in cystinuria mnemonic
Envelope shaped crystals in urine: Calcium oxalate mnemonic
Complications of nephrotic syndrome
Alport syndrome
Radiolucent stones mnemonic and uric acid calculi
Staghorn calculus mnemonic

Acid base balance, physiology and electrolyte disturbances
The Bicarbonate buffer system
Approach to acid base disorders: Metabolic alkalosis notes
Approach to acid base disorders: Metabolic acidosis notes
Renal tubular acidosis types mnemonic
Bartters, Gitelmans and Liddles syndrome mnemonic
Conn's syndrome mnemonic
Normal arterial blood gas values and serum electrolytes mnemonic
♥ Hyperkalemia
Correction of hyponatremia and hypernatremia mnemonic

Wilsons disease mnemonic
What causes renal bruit?
Contrast induced nephropathy notes

Renal pharmacology
Acidification of urine
Alkalinization of urine
Drugs causing crystal induced AKI mnemonic
Erythropoietin therapy
Nephrotoxic antimicrobials

Endocrine. hormones
♥ Normal values of Calcium, Phosphate, PTH and Alkaline phosphate mnemonic
Primary, secondary and tertiary hyperparathyroidism mnemonic
Hyperphosphatemia in chronic kidney disease
Study group discussion: Skeletal resistance to PTH in CRF

Diabetes mellitus and hypoglycemia
Hypoglycemia mnemonic
Somogyi effect and dawn phenomenon in diabetes
Short story: Surviving Diabetes
What happens in type 1 diabetes mellitus?
What happens in type 2 diabetes mellitus?
Antihyperglycemics pharmacology
Bromocriptine in Type - 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Oral hypoglycemic drugs used for diabetes mellitus mnemonic
Oral hypoglycemic drugs and weight - Weight gain or weight loss mnemonic
Diabetes Mellitus - Oral Treatment
Insulin analogues and preparations mnemonic

The thyroid
Physiology related to thyroid
Wolff–Chaikoff effect mnemonic
What is the function of thyroid peroxidase?
Hyperthyroidism and hyperdynamic circulation

Pharmacology related to thyroid
Antithyroid drugs mnemonic
Treatment of thyrotoxic crisis mnemonic

Surgery and medicine related to thyroid
Step 2 CK: Investigating thyroid nodule
Hashimoto's & Graves' disease mnemonic
♥ Thyroid eye signs mnemonic
Pendred syndrome mnemonic
♥ Thyroid carcinoma mnemonic

Neurology (Central nervous system, CNS)

Coronal section of the brain highlighting lentiform nucleus, caudate nucleus & internal capsule
Ventral and dorsal view of the brainstem highlighting cranial nerves (Diagrams only)
♥ Location of synthesis of neurotransmitters mnemonic
Solitarius and ambiguus
The flow of CSF Mnemonic

Cerebellum related
Cerebellum mnemonics
Cerebellar lesion clinical signs and symptoms mnemonic
Past Pointing Mnemonic

Nerve related
Mnemonic for foramen of cranial nerves
Cranial Nerve Exits Mnemonic (2 2 4 4 )
Cranial nerve types mnemonics
DON'T use Perfumes to test Olfactory nerve!!! But why?
Parasympathetic ganglia mnemonic
Good prognostic factors in nerve injury mnemonic
Peripheral neuropathy definition and causes (MBBS notes)

On seizures
Pathophysiology of Absence Seizures
Pathophysiology of Secondary Generalized Seizures
Lights, Pokemon, Seizures!
Stress and epilepsy
Anti-seizure pharmacology
Status Epilepticus mnemonic
Ethosuximide mnemonic
Top 10 series: Phenytoin

Caffeine in Migraine!
Migraines linked to Vitamin D deficiency
The basics: Migraine
Migraine Research updates

Stroke and paralysis related
♥ Lateral medullary syndrome and lateral pontine syndrome mnemonic
♥ How to remember the difference between Wernicke's area and Broca's area

Localization of stroke based on clinical findings 
How to remember ACA stroke findings
Dominant hemisphere and handedness
Causes of ischemic stroke
Clinical manifestations of stroke within anterior circulation

♥ The crossed paralyses: Millard-Gubler, Foville, Weber & Raymond-Cestan brainstem syndromes mnemonic
Deviation of the tongue, jaw, uvula and lips in cranial nerve palsy mnemonic
Interesting facts about testing 9th, 10th and 11th Cranial nerves
Bulbar and pseudobulbar palsy mnemonic

#QuizTime: Female with weakness of lower limbs
#AnswerTime: Female with weakness of lower limbs

Neuroanatomy related to the spinal cord
Fasciculus gracilis and cuneatus
Spinal cord organization mnemonic

Neurocutaneous syndromes

Bladder related
Micturition reflex and types of bladder
Remembering the autonomic innervation of the bladder

Friedreichs ataxia
Friedreich's ataxia mnemonic
Friedreichs Ataxia notes and mnemonic

Zika virus infection and the Alzheimers
Alzhiemers due to infections?
Hypercholesterolemia and the Alzheimer's disease
Treatment of cholesterol-induced Alzheimer's

Multiple sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis mnemonic by IkaN
Multiple sclerosis mnemonic by Jas
Disease modifying therapies for relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis - MS treatment mnemonic
Vitamin D and multiple sclerosis

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
ALS and Riluzole mnemonic

Infections of the central nervous system
An AIDS patient with abnormal CT scan       
Brain abscess notes

Immune cells and brain development
"Inception" - A real thing!!!

CT appearance of subdural and epidural hematoma mnemonic
♥ Glasgow coma scale mnemonic
The updated Glasgow Coma Scale

Neurogenic claudication

Joint related
Types of arthritis
Transient synovitis vs septic arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis mnemonic
Heberden’s and Bouchard’s Nodes Mnemonic
Felty's syndrome mnemonic
Anakinra mnemonic

Gout and pseudogout mnemonic
Why is gout more common in men?
Neuropathic joint disease

Other autoimmune diseases
Antiphospholipid Syndrome mnemonic
Polymyalgia rheumatica and giant cell arteritis mnemonic
Ankylosing Spondylitis (Radiological signs notes)
Sjogren's syndrome mnemonic
Once you get an autoimmune disease, you are more likely to get others. Why?

Systemic sclerosis autoantibodies mnemonic
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and related antibodies
Lupus mnemonics


Nail changes in psoriasis mnemonic
Different types of skin lesions (as in rashes)
♥ Difference between Pemphigus vulgaris & Bullous pemphigoid mnemonic
Medipicsowesome: Bullous skin disorders-1 pemphigus vulgaris and bullous pemphigoid
Histology: Mnemonic for the layers of the Epidermis (Skin)
Mnemonics- Dermatomal Distribution easiest way to remember
Plastic surgery
Medical humour: Face-lift
How would you look upside down?
Pharmacology related to dermatology and skin
Treatment of acne mnemonic

Other posts related to medicine
Nail disorders, diagnosis and abnormalities due to systemic diseases mnemonic
Top 10 series: Everolimus
Redistribution of drug
♥ Kinetics of drug elimination simplified
Pharmacology study tip
Study group discussion: Why adrenaline is NOT given by the intravenous route?
Drug Doses
Awesome Twosome Drugs

Autonomic nervous system (ANS)

Autonomic system drugs mnemonic
Noradrenaline and adrenaline mnemonic
Alpha blockade
♥ Vasomotor reversal of Dale
Uses of alpha and beta blockers

Antimicrobial pharmacology (Antibiotics)
♥ Protein synthesis inhibitors mnemonic
♥ Protein synthesis inhibitors mnemonic - Part 2

Pathogenesis of tendon rupture by Fluoroquinolones 

♥ Organisms covered by Azithromycin mnemonic
Organisms covered by Ampicillin mnemonic

Cephalosporins mnemonic
Cephalosporins : A mnemonic to get you out of the Cepho-pocalypse
Ceftriaxone and cefotaxime

Metronidazole notes and mnemonic

Treatment of Babesiosis
Nocardia treatment mnemonic
MAC prophylaxis mnemonic
Antipseudomonal antibiotics mnemonic
Antibiotics for Listeria monocytogenes infection
Syndromic Management Of RTI/SRI

Central nervous system pharmacology (CNS)

Anesthesia, analgesia, muscle relaxants and tranquilizers
Benzodiazepenes as preanaesthetic medication
Minimum alveolar concentration, blood gas partition coefficient, AV gradient of anaesthetics simplified
Local anaesthetics - What's in a name?
Laughing gas aka Nitrous oxide
♥ Opioids and other analgesics mnemonic
Baclofen and Dantrolene mnemonic
Inflammatory pain & NSAIDs

Pharmacology related to the endocrine system
Uses of somatostatin and bromocriptine notes & mnemonics
Drugs causing SIADH mnemonic
Hormones that have similar structure and thus clinical effects
Long term high dose steroids - Prevention of complications
Role of Glucocorticoids in Developmental events
Corticosteroid Side Effects Notes and Mnemonics
Adverse effects and contraindications of steroids mnemonic

Gastrointestinal system
Submissions: Indications of removing nasogastric tube post op mnemonic
Abdominal trauma
Step 2 CK: Management of liver laceration
Abdominal anatomy mnemonics related to hernia
Surgery mnemonics
Paraumbilical hernia mnemonic
Esophagus, stomach and upper GI tract
Pyloric stenosis mnemonic
Hematemesis mnemonic
Risk factors for carcinoma stomach mnemonic
Treatment of bleeding peptic ulcer mnemonic
Peptic ulcer
Sugiura Futagawa operation mnemonic
Surgery for acute bleeding varices and portal hypertension that cause portoazygos disconnection mnemonic
Treatment of upper gastrointestinal bleeding mnemonic
Duodenal atresia notes and mnemonic
Pharmacology related to the esophagus
Medical management of variceal bleeding mnemonic
Pharmacological agents that relax lower esophageal sphincter mnemonic

Surgery related to pancreas
Step 2 CK: Blunt pancreatic trauma
Ransons criteria for prognosis of acute pancreatitis mnemonic
Causes of Acute Pancreatitis
Cullen's sign, Grey Turner's sign and Fox's sign seen in pancreatitis mnemonic
♥ Child Pugh score mnemonic
Somatostatinoma mnemonic
Pharmacology related to pancreas
Review questions and mnemonic on drug induced pancreatitis
Antibiotics that can penetrate pancreas mnemonic

♥ Choledochal cyst types mnemonic
Whipple's triad mnemonic
Charcot's triad mnemonic
Triad of Charcot
Exception to Courvoisier's law mnemonic
Saint's triad mnemonic
Reynolds pentad

Lower GI tract
Intussusception mnemonic
Fistula in ano mnemonics
♥ Clinical features of acute appendicitis mnemonic
Complicated vs. Non complicated appendicitis
Tumors of colon and various polyposis syndrome mnemonic
Cronkhite Canada syndrome

Genitourinary surgery:
Unilateral and bilateral causes of hydronephrosis

Differentials of inguinoscrotal swelling
Fournier's gangrene mnemonic

Epidural anaesthesia mnemonic
Why use glycine in TURP?

Breast and mammary glands related
Anatomy of the breast
Draw with me video: Lymphatic drainage of the breast
Diagrams on Lymphatic drainage of the breast
Pathology and surgery related to the breast
How to remember lobular carcinoma spreads to contralateral breast
♥ Breast Cancer TNM Staging mnemonic
Paget's cells mnemonic

Limb related
Types of perforators of the lower limb mnemonic
Intermittent claudication notes
Treatment of Varicose veins mnemonic
What does flush ligation mean?
Superficial and deep veins in upper and lower extremity mnemonic

Internship: Tips on how to find vein or phlebotomy
Head transplant

♥ Types of sequestrum
De Quervain syndrome notes
Clinical and radiological features of rickets mnemonic
Age of completion of ossification mnemonic
Foot drop (Notes)
Congenital Talipes Equinovarus (CTEV) and club foot surgical treatment mnemonic
♥ Bones that undergo avascular necrosis mnemonic
Sticks like a gum
Causes of triple deformity of the knee mnemonic
Bone in bone appearance mnemonic
Fracture related (Break a bone xD )
Supracondylar fracture of the humerus
Osgood Schlatter disease mnemonic
Scaphoid fracture mnemonic
Injuries that can occur due to fall on outstretched hand mnemonic
Colles fracture mnemonic
Montegia and galezzia fractures mnemonic
Tuberculosis spine mnemonic
Tuberculosis spine mnemonic (Potts disease)
Clinical features of tuberculosis spine mnemonic
Bone tumors and pathology
Submissions: Bone talk - How to remember the most commons of bone tumors
Bone tumors
Most common sites of bone tumors mnemonic

Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Reproductive anatomy and physiology
Fallopian tube facts and mnemonics
Tests for ovulation mnemonic
Semen report notes + mnemonic
Which cell secretes what? Male reproductive system mnemonics
Which cell secretes what? A simplified ovarian cycle comic video
Which cell secretes what? A simplified ovarian cycle comic
Why smoking is protective for endometrial cancer?
♥ FIGO staging of carcinoma cervix
Menopause related
Hormonal changes during menopause mnemonic
Estrogen and osteoporosis
Infectious disease related
Vaginal candidiasis (Candida infection) mnemonic
DeLancey supports of genital tract mnemonic
Fothergills repair or Manchester operation mnemonic
Menstrual cycle and related problems
Hirsutism mnemonic
Dermoid cyst mnemonic
McCune Albright syndrome mnemonic
Precocious puberty mnemonics
Pharmacology related to gynaecology
GnRH agonists, GnRH antagonists, uses and mnemonic
Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) mnemonic
Mechanism of action of Everolimus in breast cancer
Aromatase inhibitors and ER positive breast cancer

Genetics and embryo related disorders
Crown rump length and gestational sac diameter
Fetal Hydantoin syndrome mnemonic
Turner's syndrome mnemonic
Edward syndrome notes and mnemonic
Patau syndrome note
Potter Sequence
Karyotype seen in different disorders
Abortion related
What is extra ovular space?
What is the difference between menstrual regulation and vacuum evacuation?
Types of abortion
Prostaglandins mnemonic for obstetrics
Antenatal care
Beta HCG notes
Biophysical profile mnemonic and step 2 CK notes  
Gestation and labour related
Normal labor: Mechanism on dummy pelvis and mnemonics
Breech mnemonic
Breech delivery diagrams
What is the significance of pain during child birth?
Postpartum hemorrhage causes mnemonic
Tubal ectopic pregnancy mnemonic
Hydatidiform mole (Complete vesicular mole) mnemonic
Difference between partial and complete hydatidiform mole mnemonic
Obstetric pharmacology
Tocolytic agents mnemonic
Magnesium sulphate regimens for eclampsia and preeclampsia mnemonic
Step 2 CK: GBS prophylaxis mnemonic

Community medicine (Preventive and social medicine, PSM / SPM)
Human developmental index and physical quality of life index mnemonic
Bio-statistics mnemonics, tips & tricks
Sensitivity and specificity flash cards
Validity and reliability mnemonic
Carrier types mnemonic

Behavioural science (Psychiatry)
Order of decision making
Bio medical ethics
Making Referrals - Bio Medical Ethics
How to Behave like a Good Doctor?
A case on Medical ethics

Seasonal affective disorder
Pharmacology related to depression
Difference between neuroleptic malignant syndrome and serotonin syndrome
Uses of tricyclic antidepressants mnemonic
Ketamine - A new antidepressant!!
Bupropion mnemonic

Schizophrenia subtypes mnemonic
How I remember duration of brief psychotic disorder, schizophreniform & schizophrenia
Antipsychotics (Pharmacology related to psychosis / schizophrenia)
Side effects of atypical antipsychotics mnemonic
Antipsychotics names and side effects mnemonic
How to remember the side effect of quietapine is cataract

Mnemonic for personality disorders
Mental distractions

#QuizTime: A patient with delusion
#AnswerTime: A patient with delusion

Submissions: Mature defense mechanisms mnemonic
Defense mechanisms with images

Somatoform disorders mnemonic
Berksonian bias, Pygmalion effect and Hawthorne effect mnemonic

Stockholm syndrome
Alice in Wonderland syndrome
Malingering and factitious disorders

Tourette syndrome mnemonic
Narcolepsy mnemonic
Cataplesy and cataplexy mnemonic
Step 2 CK: Treatment of narcolepsy and cataplexy
Night tremors vs Nightmares
Neurotransmitters associated with sleep mnemonic

Step 2 CK: Treatment of bipolar disorder
Step 2 CK: Treatment of anxiety disorders
Treatment of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) mnemonic 
Step 2 CK: ADHD treatment

Forensic medicine

IPC and CrPC mnemonics
IPC 319, 320, 323, 324, 325, 326, 334, 335 mnemonic
CrPC 174 and 176 mnemonic
IPC 375, 376 and 377 mnemonic
IPC 300, 302, 307, 308 and 309 mnemonic

Forensic toxicology notes part - 3
Forensic toxicology notes part - 2
Forensic Toxicology notes part - 1

Pharmacology related to ANS (Autonomic nervous system) and toxicology
Marijuana and cannabinoids intoxication mnemonic

Cocaine and beta blockers
Cocaine blocks reuptake of norepinephrine mnemonic
Cocaine in the brain - "The Addiction"

♥ Opioids and other analgesics mnemonic

♥ Mechanism of action of anticholinesterase enzyme
Treatment of organophosphorus poisoning mnemonic

Chelating agents mnemonic

USMLE Step 2 CS - Clinical Skills exam
Domestic violence
Sample closures
Counselling for PTSD
Physical exam findings in a patient with calf pain
Headache LOC tip
Musculoskeletal patient note
Memory loss / confusion
Writing a psychiatry note and mini mental status
Noisy breathing
Headache / photophobia
Hoarseness of voice
What to ask in cases involving joint
What to ask a patient with positive pregnancy test
Back pain causes mnemonic
Hearing loss mnemonic
♥ Blue sheet
Asking for sexual history
Transition phrases
Child with diarrhea mnemonic
How to introduce yourself
Writing patient note
Loss of consciousness
Writing patient note
Upper limb neurological examination 
Do you think I have cancer?

From the Author's diary
Study tips
♥ How to make concise medical notes
♥ How to make medical mnemonics
How to speed read
Organising notes and information while studying
Concepts vs mnemonics

My love and support to all those who are having a difficult time with learning medicine
♥ Med school inspiration - My first story
I am finding first year MBBS extremely difficult and tough

How to keep up with medical school
Don't let the score get you down
Of reservation, proving yourself and deserving things
Giving the test you failed in while studying for the next exam
Avoiding negative thoughts
♥ Self doubt and low self esteem
When you get tired of studying

♥ On excessive worrying about exams
Anxiety for test day
Inability to concentrate before exams
Anxiety and depression before exams
Dealing with stress and studying before exams for medical students
Time management and avoiding silly mistakes in exams

Exam stuff (USMLE, PG CET, MBBS)

Which books do I study from while in second year MBBS?
How to study for final year MBBS

♥ Study tips on preparing for Indian PG CET by Prateek
Repeating PG entrance exam

I have no idea about USMLE Step 1
Preparing for the USMLE Step 1 exam
USMLE for Indian medical students
Step 1 score 256 experience by Satish Advani
Step 2 CK score 251 experience by Saminathan Anbalagan
♥ A path to USMLE contents page by Doctorthinker

How to apply for USMLE exams
How to apply for USMLE exams: ECFMG certification using IWA in detail

♥ Preparing for MCQ exams in Medical School by Jay

Packing for electives
How to apply for electives
Electives: How much does it cost and how to be cost effective

Immunology emoticon game
Emoticon game on Microbiology
Emoticon game on Microbiology: Part two
Emoticon game on Pharmacology
If we were parts of the ECG, you'd be the QT segment, cutie!
Immunology emoticon game answers
Microbiology emoticon game - Part one answers
Microbiology emoticon game - Part two answers
Pharmacology emoticon game answers
The mystery drug

Other awesome authors!
Posts written by Sakkan
The University of wisconsin solution
A tip for confusing things

Authors diary - Sushrut
♥ Diseases and their twins
Deceptive appearances.

Authors diary - Jay
Is Homosexuality a disease? Is Gay a gender? (Sex, Gender and Sexuality)
What is the difference between Vegetarianism and Veganism?

Authors diary - Jaskunwar Singh
Create the change
2016: the flashback
Do it for the Better, to achieve your Best!!!
About me (Jaskunwar Singh)

Authors diary - A. P. Burkhoderia
The Burkholderian Culture

Posts written by Doctorthinker on USMLE
A path to USMLE contents page
2. My Journey
3. FAQs regarding the application for USMLE Step exams
8. United States Clinical Experience (USCE)
9. Research
10. Letter of Recommendation (LOR)
11. Travelling in the USA
12. Stay/ Accommodation
13. MATCH season
15. FAQs related to programs
16. NRMP registration
17. Contacting the programs after Sep 15th
18. Interview season and FAQs related to interviews
19. Phone interview
20. Post interview communication with the programs
21. Factors related to the MATCH
22. Contacts in the USA
23. Rank order list (ROL)
24. SOAP
25. What to expect during the interview season?
26. FAQs asked by the members of the USMLE page
27. Personal Statement

Authors diary - Doctorthinker
It’s a desi (Indian) Medico’s thing! Part 2
It's a desi (Indian) Medico's thing!


  1. I am just preparing to get into med school, and some of your articles have really helped me out in this :D thank you, and god bless

    1. I am SO glad they help you & I hope you do get into med school.. Thank you for the compliments and the blessings! =)

  2. This is the best blog! I work in the clinical research field and these entries are great for refreshing my memory. Thank you

    1. OMG wow I didn't know it'd be helpful for someone at the clinical research level. Thank you for the compliments! ^__^

  3. Awesome! T H A N K. Y O U!!!!

    1. Haha! Y O U A R E M O S T W E L C O M E!!! :D

  4. You sir are the best! Keep up the great work! :)

    1. And you sir, keep me going.. Thanks! :)

  5. You are a blessing..i am so glad that I found your website before my exam.

    1. Haha thank you so much! Glad it helped :D

  6. do you have any idea how cute you are..wish you all the success in you :** :))

    1. *blushes* Thank you so very much (: <3 :*

  7. you are awesome and sooo sweet. thank you thank you thank you ^_^

    1. Omg omg omg thank you so much! :D

  8. I am going to take a Medical Scientist ahead so with your notes I think i can make it...

    Thank you soo much.

    1. That'll be so cool. Becoming a scientist and all. You can make it!
      Keep us updated on your journey :D

  9. I love love love your blog! I plan on going through all your posts! You really are awesome! :)
    And please can you help me with brain tumors pathology? I just cant remember which is which.
    Thank you so much. Keep up the good work!

    1. Thank you, thank you, thank you so much!

      Yaay! Though it's a lot to go through. One at a time :D
      Here you go, love -

  10. The way u reply makes feel u r a girl, are u? and thankyou so so much for this wonderful blog, u make life so easy :)

    1. XX chromosome it is. You? :D

      Thank you so so much for the wonderful compliments. You're most welcome (:

  11. plz tell me how to answer in viva know eveytime i shake and so afrid..will be facing gynae nd surgery viva this tym..plz tell some tips..:)

    1. Be confident, keep calm and don't forget to be awesome!

  12. Can you please make a code for remembering enzymes involved in heme synthesis and their deficiency associated porphyrias?

    1. I will make them when I get back home. Till when do you need it?

    2. As and when you're free...and I wish you would bring back the comment box (on the side previously)so we could send our requests through it, it was easy to see your response could avoid cluttering your comment section with requests that way.

    3. I couldn't manage the spam on cbox. Too many advertisements. I'll get it back later perhaps!

    4. Hey, can you manage the mnemonic by 23rd next week? Would help me a lot.

  13. Published!

    Heme synthesis mnemonic

  14. can you write awesome mnemonic for lysosomal storage diseases? Thanks :)

    1. I have a mnemonic, but it's not mine. I'll post it soon though.

  15. Paediatrics and Orthopaedics has been wrongly spelled on this page. Please correct it. No offense intended. I'm using this website almost everyday now. It's well done, keep posting. Thanks.

    1. Thank you for the correction! :)

  16. Ur mnemonics r very much helped me a lot. thanku so much.. Ur doing a great nd nice work too..

  17. Okay, so I'm in MBBS 1st yr and I have final practical exams in 2 weeks. I'm kinda nervous about it. Any tips?

    1. It's normal to be nervous. Try to stay calm though.

      Ask other batches what they were asked in the exam. Examiners are likely to repeat questions.

      Make sure you know questions related to topics that'll be asked for sure (Like slides in anatomy, blood in physiology)

      Greet the examiner, dress up properly, don't argue and be polite. If you don't know answer to a particular question, say it - It'll buy time for other questions.

      If you have studied well, your vivas will go great. Good luck!

    2. Thanks. And I don't know if its good or bad, but my batch is the 1st one to give vivas in all the 3 subjects...

    3. It's good! :D I gave viva for all the three subjects too.

      Vivas are fun if you know your content and the examiner takes a fair knowledgeable viva.

      Vivas make the best stories after you pass!

    4. I bet they do! :D

  18. I've seen so many posts about usmle. If you have any info about PLAB can you post about it too?

    1. No, unfortunately, I don't have much info on it :(

  19. Thnx 4 all d posts. It hlpd a lot. My frndz r joinin coaching 4 pg entrance exms in 2nd yr. Shld I also join? I wl gve pg entrance aftr mbbs is ovr.

    1. You're welcome.

      It depends on a lot of factors - Can you study well on your own? Will you be able to afford coaching financially? Do you have the mental stamina to do traveling and attend long hours?

      You may not require coaching (I didn't join any classes!) but you need to decide based on your abilities.

  20.'s interesting and relieving that people like u exist...was feeling our kind were rare species..(when art ..poetry meets when we are born...)
    Keep up the good publish a book if you gone this far...iam a good artist myself and would love to work with you if you ever be in need of an passionate medical cartoonist....Iam preparing for entrance pg myself...but once when this is of course...I would love to venture into making medical graphic novels.
    My most recent read is ur heparin the interactive way u adopted...lot like the method I use for making maters intresting
    It comes quite surprisingly that your a woman...but it explains the passionate approach..
    Once again ..kudos for the great work

    1. Thank you so much for the compliments. People who appreciate so openly are rare too.

      I'm amazed that you think that way, the words about art, poetry and medicine are truly beautiful.

      I will try :)

      I am in the process of publishing a immunology book (Immunowesome). It'll be out soon!

      I would love to work with you someday, do email me when you feel like you want to bring your creative side out!

      I don't think we need to distinguish passion through sex, men are passionate too :)

      Thanks a lot again <3

  21. Your work us great. I wish I'd found your blog during my final sem. Anyways I'm grabbing some quick tricks for pg entrance from you now. :)

    1. Thank you so much for the compliments.. On my previous posts as well.

      Oh well, now you do. Hope you have fun studying for PG :)

  22. Great website!! I really wonder if you have an essay about" why should we keep tourniquet while drawing blood?".Our teacher told us there are 2 reasons first is to keep vein swollen but the second is homework and i couldnt find it anywhere. Do you have any information about this? :)

    1. Thank you! Umm.. Gee I don't know.

      The first is definitely making the vein more engorged and swollen so it's easier to feel and you are less likely to miss it.

      I think the second one is stabilizing the vein by stretching the skin and underlying tissues away from the venipuncture site. If you have ever done blood collection from an elderly patient, you must know how hard it is! The lax skin makes it really difficult. So tourniquets are used in elderly even if the vein is visible just to taut the skin.

      "Lift the tied tourniquet and stretch the skin and underlying tissues away from the venipuncture site. Then gently lower the tourniquet. You may be able to retract several inches of skin and tissue away from the site with this maneuver. which is especially helpful with elderly patients) who have less collagen, prolastn and elastin than younger patients) and patients who have lost a lot of weight recently."

      But I'm just guessing. Do let me know when your teacher tells you the real answer!

    2. Oh wow! I am so impressed! I have never collected blood from anybody yet so i didnt think that way. Sounds logical! I guess i am going to learn it in this week of course i would let u now if i learn it :) umm... one more question too. What if we have an overweight patient like is it because the same reason? I mean retract sev. inc. of sk. and -lipid- tissue away from the site. Because lipid is a fluid thing cuz of cholestrol and do we need to stabilize that lipid tissue too? (Sorry for my bad English :S i am still trying to improve ) ( By the way i might know things wrong i am brand new med student :D i would be happy if u correct them if they are wrong) Thanks for giving time for me (^-^)

    3. Aww. Good luck on your first collection. Let me know how it goes.

      I am not sure if it works in obese people too. But it must.

      Oh your English is fine. Language isn't a barrier to communication.

      I will always give you time in the long run. Message me whenever you need me ^__^

  23. Hi IkaN. Brilliant website. Kudos. I just wanted to know if I could be a part of your awesome blog? I have completed all the USMLE steps and feel my experience can help. I have also learnt ways to manage websites and even that will be a big boost. Let me know. Thank you. Cheers.

    1. Hey!
      Of course, you can be a part of Medicowesome.
      We welcome people to write for us all the time =)
      Email us at

  24. hey !
    i jst love ur blog , trust me for any first yr student like ur blog is a blessing to jst pass the final exams
    i hope u continue to inspire and blog stuff that helps soo many medicos like me
    all the best !

  25. Hi Ikan
    Could you plz make a mnemonic for urine diagnostic indices for differentiation of pre renal and intrinsic renal failure..

    1. You mean this?

  26. Hi,
    Does anyone have any link to a resource of a live audio-guided endoscopy for celiac disease? I was only able to find one without any verb comments. I'm hoping to use it in presentation.

  27. Hi Everyone,
    I'm struggling with acid-base balance (ABG). Any awesome resources for remembering these concepts?

  28. Guys! Can you give your take on the whole Trump situation?

    1. Too soon to comment but let's see how this years match works out.

      They do need doctors in the US. That's for sure.


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